The Potential of Goroho Plantain as a Source of Functional Food

North Sulawesi geographically situated at the edge of the Pacific is known as rich and abundant in natural resources. Vast kinds of flora can be found growth well in the area. There are more or less ten kinds of banana plant can be found in this area, including plantain type of banana (one which has to be processed before consuming) to a regular banana type that can be consumed directly. Goroho plantain is a specific kind of plantain of the north Sulawesi. Local community believe that this type of plantain can cure several diseases, especially diabetes, although there is no clinical evidence of that up to now.

Processing of goroho plantain is still at conventional level including frying and boiling. In the last several years, processed goroho such as fried goroho becoming main menu at hotels and restaurants in Manado and this trend grows very significantly. Normally, this fried goroho serves with local chili sauce.

Goroho Plantain is a carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates are the major source of energy in the Western diet. According to the population nutrient intake goals for preventing diet-related chronic diseases, 55 to 75% of the daily energy intake should come from carbohydrates. However, this is often not reached, and in many countries increased carbohydrate intake is recommended. Nutritionally, carbohydrates can be classified as digestible and nondigestible, or available and nonavailable. Mono- and disaccharides and starch, the most common digestible carbohydrate, are rapidly digested and absorbed in the small intestine. Dietary fiber is a nutritional definition for the nondigestible part of plant food and includes many oligosaccharides, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectins, gums, lignin, and associated plant substances (Costal, et .al 2007)

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